By Anthony Good
Even if asylum has generated unheard of degrees of public and political predicament during the last decade, there was astonishingly little box learn at the subject. this can be a learn of the criminal technique of claiming asylum from an anthropological standpoint, targeting the position of professional proof from 'country specialists' similar to anthropologists. It describes how such proof is utilized in exams of asylum claims through the house place of work and via adjudicators and tribunals listening to asylum appeals. It compares makes use of of social clinical and scientific proof in criminal decision-making and analyzes, anthropologically, the criminal makes use of of key recommendations from the 1951 Refugee conference, resembling 'race', 'religion', and 'social group'. The facts is drawn from box remark of greater than three hundred allure hearings in London and Glasgow; from pronounced case legislation and from interviews with immigration adjudicators, tribunal chairs, barristers and solicitors, in addition to professional witnesses.
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Additional resources for Anthropology and Expertise in the Asylum Courts (Glasshouse)
Even in the nineteenth century the United Kingdom granted asylum, although as there was no actual immigration legislation prior to the 1905 Aliens Act, its signiﬁcance was, obviously, somewhat diﬀerent. Hostility to incomers became particularly evident in the hysteria generated by the First World War, when Aliens Restriction Acts were passed in 1914 and 1919. The focus at that time was on immigrants generally rather than those seeking asylum. The latter only came under speciﬁcally stricter control after 1971, in response to the xenophobia created by increasing numbers.
While such momentous disagreements cannot be resolved here, this book does sketch out the terrain over which the preliminary skirmishes in the asylum courts have so far taken place. In such a fast-changing ﬁeld of study, it is important for two quite diﬀerent reasons to specify that the ‘ethnographic present’ for this book is the period from early 1999 until the end of 2003, although signiﬁcant changes in law and practice occurring since then are mentioned in footnotes. First, asylum Asylum as a social and political problem 13 decisions are made notionally in light of circumstances on the day of decision itself, so that as the political, military and human rights contexts in asylum applicants’ countries of origin evolve, so too do the arguments and counterarguments change.
Tagged to deﬁnitions of social relationships’ (1990: 113), is clearly very similar to their relational orientation, while her ‘legal discourse’ resembles their rule orientation in being ‘a discourse of property, of rights . . of entitlement, of facts and truth’ (1990: 112). Her concern is almost entirely with how discourses are used by lay litigants rather than legal practitioners. Thus, her legal discourse ‘does not refer to particular laws or legal doctrines but to folk understandings of legal relations and procedures’ (1990: 112–13; italics added).
Anthropology and Expertise in the Asylum Courts (Glasshouse) by Anthony Good