By Susan Nance
The concept that of 'modernity' is valuable to many disciplines, yet what's modernity to animals? Susan Nance solutions this question via an intensive reinterpretation of the lifetime of Jumbo the elephant. within the Eighties, shoppers, the media, zoos, circuses and taxidermists, and (unknowingly) Jumbo himself, reworked the elephant from an orphan of the worldwide ivory alternate and zoo captive right into a distracting foreign star. electorate on continents imaged Jumbo as a sentient person and puppy, yet have been aghast while he died in an business twist of fate and his is still have been absorbed by way of the taxidermic and animal rendering industries reserved for nameless animals. The case of Jumbo uncovered the 'human hassle' of recent dwelling, in which humans celebrated person animals to manage or distract themselves from the wholesale slaughter of animals required via sleek consumerism.
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3 New York Times readers would have found the account of the “London correspondent” comprehensible and interesting because it reflected their own powerfully prolific market for celebrity news. Times readers would have looked just to the left of the “Stray London Town Talk” piece to see that famous robber Billy the Kid had been apprehended in Minneapolis. a. ”4 Hence, many observers must have seen that Jumbo, like human celebrities, was unique and one “whose fame extended to all civilized nations ...
0007 44 Animal Modernity Newman’s or George Arstingstall’s (Barnum’s elephant managers) crews, even with Matthew Scott on hand. The contrast between the apparent romance of working for an adored circus coupled with frequent misery endured behind the scenes was captured by the 1882 route book (employees yearbook of a season) for the P. T. Barnum’s Greatest Show on Earth and the Great London Circus. That season, the unit took on Jumbo while already saddled with a large herd of elephants, who raced in the ring as a feature of the show.
117 Editorial, Pall Mall Gazette, April 6, 1886. 118 This article was reprinted in various papers, see for instance: “Exit Elephant,” Portsmouth Evening News, December 2, 1882; “Exit Elephant,” Leamington Spa Courier, December 2, 1882; “Exit Elephant,” Leeds Mercury, December 9, 1882. 0006 2 Jumbo: Tourist and Consumer Abstract: Chapter 2 documents how media-driven interest in Jumbo in North America flattered citizens as preeminent global consumers. After Barnum, Bailey and Hutchinson imported the elephant to New York, circus publicity and advertising positioned Jumbo as natural wonder, trophy of Barnum’s victory over British public opinion, and also the gentle pet of handler Matthew Scott.
Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma by Susan Nance