Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, - download pdf or read online

By Paul C. Winther

ISBN-10: 0585479224

ISBN-13: 9780585479224

ISBN-10: 0739105841

ISBN-13: 9780739105849

Anglo-European technology and the Rhetoric of Empire offers the recorded proof of allegedly clinical use of opium in colonial India and British exam and supreme attractiveness of this custom. putting the opium controversy in its large context, the booklet sheds mild on British diplomatic tools for prolonging colonial rule.

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Additional info for Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895

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As late as the 1820s, prominent western commentators portrayed this pathogenic, sometimes malodorous, substance as the cause of a group of diseases. The maladies were variously known as: Introduction 17 . . autumnal fever, intermittent fever, bilious fever, congestive fever, swamp fever, and ague . . [and by] . . a natural extension, fevers which were thought to result from exposure to noxious effluvia could be designated as malarial or malarious. aarcho 1970:36) A coterie of Anglo-Europeans during the middle third of the nineteenth century then contended that the noxious gas was responsible for more than just intermittent fever.

For knowledgeable western commentators, wrathful deities, bad air (“mal’ aria”) that conveyed harmful emanations and toxic vapors, or other earthly vicissitudes external to the victim, had become or were becoming inadequate explanations of human sickness. Equally implausible was humoral theory, a conception that dated back to the early Greeks, Romans, and the enduring legacy of Galen. Proponents of this explanation and its variations through the centuries portrayed ill health as a manifestation of ephemeral imbalances within the human body.

Furthermore, preventing the appearance of a symptom did not mean that the underlying cause had been eliminated. This emerging exactitude had profound consequences for determining the presence of malaria in a person. The ancient Greeks’ referred to the disease as fever and chills. They also identified the periodic episodes of pyrexia as quotidian, tertian, and quartan (Jarcho l980:134; see also Jones, W. H. S. 1909). Despite these observations, they had no “dependable way of distinguishing such cases from the recurring fevers and chills that might occur in other diseases, except that fever and chills happening in the presence of an obvious focus, such as osteomyelitis or puerperal sepsis, were easy to identify” (Jarcho 1980:134).

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Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895 by Paul C. Winther

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