An Identity Theory of Truth by Julian Dodd PDF

By Julian Dodd

ISBN-10: 0230573711

ISBN-13: 9780230573710

ISBN-10: 0230584268

ISBN-13: 9780230584266

In this e-book, Dodd explains that correspondence theories of fact fail as the relation among real proposal and truth is id, now not correspondence. proof will not be complexes of worldly entities which make options precise; they're in basic terms real concepts. The ensuing modest id theory makes it possible for a defensible deflation of the concept that of truth.

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Unless an alternative account of entailment is available, this counterintuitive result is a sign that necessary truths do not have truthmakers. The worry concerning whether negative truths have truthmakers is familiar in the old problem of whether the world contains negative states of affairs. Russell believed that there were such things, but had a sense of the oddness of this view (1918, p. 184). I think it is fair to say that most supporters of a version of (TM) would be happier explaining the truth of negative propositions other than by appeal to negative states of affairs.

I shall address rejoinders such as these in due course. For the time being, it should be noted that there is far less controversy surrounding the question of the characteristics propositions have, if they exist. First of all, propositions are abstract: they are not located in space. It makes no sense to ask where is. Besides this, propositions are language-independent and mind-independent in the following senses: they exist before they are first expressed or entertained. A proposition, in Frege’s words, ‘needs no owner.

Donald Davidson, no friend of correspondence theories of truth, agrees that if there are truthmakers, they have to be facts (construed as states of affairs). The correspondence theorist’s truthmakers, he claims, had better be ‘propositional in character’ (1990, p. 304). They must include as constituents ‘not only the objects the sentence is “about” . . but also whatever it is the sentence says about them’ (Davidson 1969, p. 49). For an admirably clear explanation of trope theory, see Daly (1997).

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An Identity Theory of Truth by Julian Dodd

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