Download PDF by Rita J. Simon: Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World

By Rita J. Simon

Abortion is among the so much compelling public coverage matters dealing with executive and the general public within the usa this present day. so much societies have enacted legislation and statutes relating to abortion, and such a lot societies have robust emotions relating to contraception and abortion. however the criminal statutes and attitudes persist with markedly varied techniques. Simon examines how this factor is being confronted within the usa, Canada, a pattern of Western and jap ecu international locations, heart japanese, African, and Latin American societies, and, between Asian international locations, Japan, China, and India, besides Australia.

After a short historic advent, Simon examines the criminal statutes touching on abortion within the chosen international locations after which experiences public attitudes towards abortion according to responses to nationwide public opinion polls. She concludes via discussing the relationships among the legislation and statutes relating abortion and the countries' regulations vis-^D`a-vis inhabitants development and regulate. Abortion is the 1st quantity in a chain that might research significant public coverage concerns utilizing an explicitly comparative procedure. each one will function a instruction manual for college kids, researchers, and students, containing easy empirical info and complete references at the social factor or perform below examination.

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MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA Moving from Australia back across the Asian mainland, we report policies and practices in Muslim countries of the Middle East and North Africa. Although Islamic law generally forbids abortion, there are some variations between the Sunni and Shite Muslim societies and even within each of the different branches of Islam. We look first at the most traditional Sunni Islamic society. " Written consent must be obtained from the woman as well as her husband or guardian and three medical specialists appointed by the hospital must sign a recommendation form before the abortion can be performed.

In Western Europe, Ireland and the Holy See are the clear exceptions to this pattern. Their statutes forbidding abortion are comparable to the Muslim countries represented by Egypt and Saudi Arabia, and like them are based on religious prohibitions. We t u r n next to countries in Africa. AFRICA Most African countries with the exceptions of Tunisia, Ghana, and Liberia place strong restrictions on induced abortions. Nigeria An abortion may be induced only if the pregnancy poses a serious threat to the mother's life.

Current law, passed in J a n u a r y 1990, allows abortion on request and removed restrictions on the sale and importation of contraceptives. In the mid 1980s, Romania introduced a campaign to increase the birth rate and to restrict abortions. For example, a decree passed in December 1985 stated that to qualify for an abortion, a woman must have given birth to a minimum of five children t h a t were currently under her care. Married women who did not conceive were kept under surveillance and a special tax was levied on unmarried persons over 25 years of age as well as on childless couples t h a t did not have a medical reason for not bearing children.

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Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World Over by Rita J. Simon

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