By Tom Douglas
A conception of Groupwork perform relies at the result of the hunt for the basic similarities within the perform of all groupworkers in no matter what career or atmosphere they could function. The theoretical recommendations utilized by groupworkers will be commonly variation, yet what employees really do while in interplay with the teams they convey or adapt exhibits extraordinary similarities that are deeper and extra influential than the strategies in selling or fighting profitable workforce results. This publication offers the rules of a coherent conception of crew paintings perform in accordance with those similarities.
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It is not the act of creation which is regarded as artificial, suspect and threatening, but the purposes for which the act of group creation is intended. Much of the deliberate intent to generate an influence and energy system, that is a group, to enhance social relationships or social competence or other such intents is thus seen as interference and threat, whereas, if the intent of the groupworker/convenor is expressed as being to develop and use the inherent resources of 46 A Theory of Groupwork Practice the group, both individual and collective, this is an aspect of group use which is very readily understood by people who have experienced the need for collective action in teams, gangs, families and work groups all their lives.
One of these must be expectations. All people have expectations of any social situation into which they may enter. The 'fit' of these expectations in relation to the actual situation can range from very poor to very good, depending on circumstances. Like value systems, expectations can most certainly affect group outcomes and they are equally valid in this sense for both group members and group convenors and leaders. Bearing these facts in mind, it will be necessary to treat the Associative Patterns 45 observed features reported in groupwork literature with some caution, because even constantly reiterated and repetitive descriptions of processes must be discerned as being contaminated by the values and expectations of those who record them.
7. 8. communication: as communication increases, because it is one of the basic elements of interaction, so the functions listed by Jackson are more likely to develop; perceptions of members of several factors: (a) similarity - this appears to be positively related to interaction (Zander and Havelin, 1960), (b) status - members of a group interact more with those of a higher status (Zalesnik and Moment, 1964), (c) liking -liking may be a function of interaction or interaction a function of liking (Israel, 1956), (d) situation - interaction stems from a definition of the situation (Zalesnik and Moment, 1964); frequency and intensity of exposure; physical and functional proximity; the capacity of group members: (a) inclination, (b) emotional expansiveness, (c) social expansiveness; past experience; need to reinforce approved behaviour; need to provide a social reality.
A Theory of Groupwork Practice by Tom Douglas