By William Swainson
William Swainson F. R. S., was once acknowledged largely as a zoologist, an ornithologist and a talented and prolific illustrator. He additionally had an incredible enthusiasm for looking and choosing new species. during this 1834 quantity even though, Swainson addressed the character of, foundations for and winning pursuit of zoology. It argues firmly for the foremost significance of taxonomy. Swainson was once an ardent suggest of MacLeay's now completely superseded 'quinary' method of class - even then a noticeably minority view. This sought affinities, styles and analogies between organisms, in an effort to figure God's order. greater than a trifling interest, such paintings was once of pivotal hindrance to enterprising naturalists of the 1820s and 1830s - together with the younger Charles Darwin. It additionally reached Robert Chambers, whose 1844 Vestiges of the traditional historical past of production was once a big landmark within the improvement of the idea of evolution.
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Additional info for A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural History
Opus postnumum Jussu, Regiae Societatis Londinensis editum. , i710. f Haworth, Review of Entomology. 30 STUDY OF NATURAL HISTORY. been clothed, and which, had they been bestowed upon him when alive, he would have been the first to reject, we shall still find him a bright ornament to the age in which he lived, and in every way entitled to rank in the list of British worthies. True it is, that but for the patronage and protection of Willughby, he might probably have done little or nothing in science; and had he not been the editor of his patron's works, his name, as a zoologist, would have been far inferior to that of Lister, for he had neither the talents of the first, or the originality of the last: yet he laboured conjointly with both, and his name assumes a superiority from the variety of subjects he wrote upon, and from the number of works which bear his name, either as author or editor.
About this time, indeed, museums and collections were formed with much assiduity: the two most remarkable were those of Pettiver, a most zealous and indefatigable collector in all departments of nature; and whose museum was considered so valuable by his great but friendly rival, Sir Hans Sloane, that the latter eventually purchased it for the sum of 4000/. Pettiver was • Museum Regalis Societatis, or a Catalogue and Description of the Natural and Artificial Rarities belonging to the Royal Society, and preserved at Gresham College, made by N.
Ellis. ) Essay towards a Natural History of the Corallines found on Xhe Coast of Great Britain and Ireland. By John Ellis, Esq. London, 1755. 1 vol. 4to. ) Letter to Dr. Linnaeus on the Animal Nature of Zoophytes, called Corallina. London, 1768. 4to. f Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various Parts of the Globe. By Ellis and Solander. London, 1786. 1 vol. 4to D 4 40 STUDY OF NATURAL HISTORY. and an acute botanist, and his name must ever rank among the most endearing of those which add lustre to our science.
A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural History by William Swainson