By Søren Kierkegaard
Ostensibly, A Literary Review is an easy remark by way of Soren Kierkegaard at the paintings of a modern novelist. On deeper degrees, notwithstanding, it turns into the existential philosopher's far-reaching critique of his society and age, and its apocalyptic ultimate sections encouraged the vital principles in Martin Heidegger's influential paintings Being and Time. Embraced via many readers as prophetic, A Literary Review and its strategies stay appropriate to our present debates on id, dependancy, and social conformity.
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64. , Sketch je)r Q TheilfY oi Ihe EmvJio" s, Ir. by Ph ilip Ma irel, Methue n & Co. , 1977, p . 91. TE. 62. TE. 63. TE. 69. BN. 226·7. TE. 70. TE. 74. TE. 75. TE. 78. T E. 79. TE. 81 . BN . 225. TE. 101. SN. 233-4. BN . 224. , "5elf·conscio usness and the Ego in Ihe Ph ilosop hy of SarIre", P A. ), Tlte Philosophy 01 Jean-Paul Sartre. 202-3. 39 Sartre's Existentialism and Early Buddhism 157 158 159 TE. 91. TE. 92. TE. 93. 40 11 THESARTREAN CONCEPTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS artre's main interest in rejecting Husserl's doctrine of the transcendental ego 15 to empty consciousness of alt eon tents.
Ht:! says: "1/ my consciousness were not COI1SC;OIlSness of being cOllsciollS- ness o/Ille table, it would then he cOlIsciOlISIWSS of thai labre witlum l consciQUSlless 0/ being so. In other '(fJords, if wal/ld bc a C01IScit/uslless ignoran t of itself, all unconscious- which ;5 absurd. " The more proper conclus ion would rath er be "unself-co nscious". Granted that by "unconscious" Sartre means "unself-conscious," we still fai! to understand why th e cancep! of "unself-consciow; consciousness" is absurd in so far as we deHne cons dousness by intenti onality.
L29 To explain his view, Sartre eit'es the foll owing example: 1 pity PeteT and I go to his assistance. At that moment only one thing exists for my consciousness, Le. Peter-having-to-behelped. This quality of "having-to-be-helped" lies in Peter, and 29 SarlTl" s E;u Slen lia/Ism al1d Enrly BIlddhism aets on me like a force. Peter's distress confronts me in the world as the color of an inkstand confronts me: it belongs to the intentional co rrelate of the personal consciousness. If I bring help to Peter that is because I perceive immediately and without reflection his need of it, not because the rne is invoked to relieve Peter's distress.
A Literary Review (Penguin Classics) aka "Two Ages" by Søren Kierkegaard