By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation was once nervous to grasp why the fur exchange from New Netherland were declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff a long way into Iroquois kingdom to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the day trip from castle Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest recognized description of the inner of what's this present day ny country and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert was once a prepared observer, and his magazine isn't just an everyday log of the place the excursion get together traveled; it's also an in depth account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's striking wordlist is the earliest identified recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations offer critical fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and someone with a unique curiosity in local American reviews. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his professional research of the language within the local American passages supply a invaluable new measurement to this version of the journal.
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Extra resources for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
When single letters were exhausted, they were doubled, then tripled, and so forth. The handwriting is clear and shows the careful execution of a clerk or secretary trained in recording and copying records. Errors in the text indicate that it was copied from Van den Bogaert’s original. In several instances it is obvious that the copyist was uncertain of the handwriting he was transcribing. Where the context made it obvious that he was in error, he corrected himself. At other times the errors were retained.
INTRODUCTION xxxix 5. On Mohawk-Dutch political interaction, see Richter, Ordeal of the Longhouse; Jennings, Ambiguous Iroquois Empire; Dennis, Landscape of Peace; and Starna, Homeland to New Land. 6. See Jacobs, New Netherland, 113–14, on the Freedoms and Exemptions. 7. See Venema, Kiliaen van Rensselaer. On the patroonships, see Rink, Holland on the Hudson, 94–116, and Jacobs, New Netherland, 112–32. 8. Gehring, “Van Rensselaer Letter,” 28. On the founding and growth of the village that would become Albany, see Venema, Beverwijck.
He told me simply that I was his brother and good friend. 46 I asked him whether there were French Indians near the Sinnekens. He said yes, and I was pleased, and thought that I would then reach my objective. 47 10 JOURNEY INTO MOHAWK AND ONEIDA COUNTRY December 22. In the morning at sunrise we crossed the stream together. It was over our knees and was so cold that our stockings and shoes quickly froze as hard as armorplate. The Indians dared not cross there, but went 2 by 2 with a stick from hand to hand.
A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition by Charles Gehring