By Walter Rüegg
This is often the ultimate quantity in a four-part sequence masking the improvement of the college in Europe (east and west) from its origins to the current day, concentrating on a few significant subject matters seen from a eu viewpoint. The originality of the sequence lies in its comparative, interdisciplinary, collaborative and transnational nature. It offers additionally with the content material of what used to be taught on the universities, yet its major function is an appreciation of the function and constructions of the colleges as obvious opposed to a backdrop of fixing stipulations, rules and values. This quantity offers with the reconstruction and epoch-making growth of upper schooling after 1945, which resulted in the triumph of recent technology. It strains the improvement of the connection among universities and nationwide states, lecturers and scholars, their objectives and political actions. specific cognizance is paid to primary alterations within the content material of educating on the universities
Read Online or Download A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities since 1945 PDF
Best history & theory books
This publication is a suite of essays on Ottoman heritage, concentrating on how sultans of the Ottoman Empire have been considered by way of the general public.
Often hailed as one of many maximum defenders of democratic liberalism in postwar Europe, French thinker, sociologist, and political commentator Raymond Aron (1905-1983) left at the back of a spectacular quantity of released paintings on a remarkably wide selection of subject matters either scholarly and renowned. In A Politics of knowing, Reed M.
Because it used to be first released in 1982 the yank group collage has turn into the first source that school, directors, trustees, and researchers glance to for a accomplished research of the latest findings and updated details at the American group collage. all through this significant publication, Arthur M.
Social pursuits have formed and are shaping sleek societies world wide; this is often obvious once we examine examples reminiscent of the Arab Spring, Spain’s Indignados and the broader Occupy circulation. during this quantity, specialists examine the ‘classic’ and new social hobbies from a uniquely international viewpoint and provide insights in present theoretical discussions on social mobilisation.
Additional info for A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities since 1945
Ruegg, ‘The Academic Ethos’, Minerva, 24 (1986), 393–412; cf. A. B. Cobban, The ¨ Medieval Universities: Their Development and Organisation (London, 1975), 13ff. 5 ¨ Walter Ruegg a particular value unique to the universities, which in the course of the centuries was to take on a socially revolutionary force: judging knowledge on the basis of its merit, not its source, and accepting the equality and solidarity of their members in carrying out this task. However much modern social history emphasizes the social inequalities in universities, they disappeared completely (at least in principle) when it came to the pursuit and transmission of academic knowledge.
He practised academic obedience by listening to the prescribed texts as they were dictated and explained by his teachers, and by learning them by heart and repeating them in class. After three or four years of basic study in grammar, logic and rhetoric, he could graduate as a bachelor and either take up an academically non-specialized career as a town scribe or notary, or, under the supervision of a master, learn to become a teacher and educate himself further in the mathematical artes liberales (arithmetic, geometry, music and astronomy) and the three philosophies (physics, ethics and metaphysics).
III, 7ff. (Ruegg, ‘Themes’). ¨ Die Technische Hochschule zu Berlin 1799–1934. Festschrift (Berlin, 1935), 39. 10 Themes survived, but in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries developed into the world’s leading institutions in higher education. The reason is that a ‘General Educational Institute’ was not established in Berlin, as had been planned, but instead a university was founded in 1810 on the basis of the modern idea of university reform. the liberal reform of the universities by schleiermacher and humboldt In the French model, given its final form by Napoleon, higher education dedicated to the training of higher civil servants and officers, and the academic professions under the control of the state, fell under a bureaucratically organized administration.
A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities since 1945 by Walter Rüegg